Banh Cuon: A Culinary Journey Through Vietnam

The silky, steamed rice rolls, filled with a savory mixture of minced pork and wood ear mushrooms, are a testament to the art of Vietnam’s Banh Cuon. Served warm and drizzled with a light, tangy fish sauce, each bite of the dish offers a perfect harmony of textures and flavors. Topped with crispy fried shallots and accompanied by fresh herbs, this dish is not just a meal but a vibrant celebration of Vietnam’s rich culinary heritage.

Tracing its origins back to the northern regions of Vietnam, Banh Cuon has a rich history that reflects the country’s diverse cultural influences and culinary traditions. Let’s delve into its past and tradition in the next part!

Embracing History and Tradition

The origins of Banh Cuon can be traced back to Northern Vietnam, particularly Hanoi, where it is considered a popular breakfast or snack option. The dish is believed to have been influenced by Chinese cuisine, as the technique of steaming rice batter to make thin rice cakes was introduced to Vietnam by Chinese immigrants.

As Banh Cuon gained popularity, each region in Vietnam put its spin on the dish, incorporating local flavors and ingredients. In the Central region, Banh Cuon is served with a thinner rice paper and a different dipping sauce. In the South, the dish is known as Banh Uot, and the filling can include shrimp or beef in addition to pork.

Apart from its delicious taste, Banh Cuon also reflects the artistry and skill of Vietnamese cooks. Making the thin and delicate rice paper requires precision and practice. The filling is also meticulously prepared to ensure a harmonious blend of flavors.

In Vietnamese culture, Banh Cuon is often enjoyed with family and friends, creating a sense of togetherness and celebration. It is a dish that showcases the country’s rich culinary heritage and the importance of communal dining.

Whether you sample Banh Cuon in Hanoi, Hue, or any other region in Vietnam, you are not just indulging in a delicious meal but also experiencing centuries-old traditions and cultural influences that have shaped Vietnamese cuisine. So, next time you have the opportunity, savor the flavors of Banh Cuon and appreciate the history and tradition that come with each bite.

A Symphony of Flavors

Banh Cuonis truly a symphony of flavors that delights the senses with each bite. This traditional dish consists of delicate, thin rice paper rolls filled with a savory mixture of ground pork, wood ear mushrooms, and minced shallots, then topped with crispy fried shallots. Accompanied by fresh herbs, bean sprouts, and a dipping sauce known as nuoc cham, Banh Cuon offers a harmonious blend of textures and tastes that make it a favorite among locals and visitors alike.

Let’s break down the symphony of flavors that make Banh Cuon a culinary masterpiece:

  • The Soft and Tender Rice Paper: The foundation of Banh Cuon is the steamed rice paper, which is thin, soft, and slightly chewy. It serves as the perfect vehicle to encase the flavorful filling and soak up the delicious dipping sauce.
  • The Umami-Rich Filling: The filling of Banh Cuon is a combination of seasoned ground pork, fragrant wood ear mushrooms, and aromatic shallots. This savory mixture provides depth of flavor and umami notes that complement the delicate rice paper. 
  • The Crispiness of Fried Shallots: A sprinkling of crispy fried shallots on top adds a textural contrast to the soft rice paper and filling. The crunchy texture and savory flavor of the shallots elevate the overall sensory experience.
  • Fresh Herbs and Bean Sprouts: Banh Cuon is typically served with an assortment of fresh herbs like cilantro, mint, and Vietnamese coriander, as well as crunchy bean sprouts. These elements add freshness, brightness, and a hint of herbal aroma to each bite.
  • Nuoc Cham Dipping Sauce: The nuoc cham dipping sauce, a ubiquitous condiment in Vietnamese cuisine, is a key component of Banh Cuon. Made with fish sauce, vinegar, sugar, garlic, and chili, this savory-sweet-sour sauce enhances the flavors of the dish and provides a balance of tastes.

When all these elements come together, Banh Cuon creates a symphony of flavors that dance on the taste buds, offering a balance of textures, aromas, and tastes. Whether enjoyed for breakfast, lunch, or dinner, Banh Cuon is a culinary delight that exemplifies the diversity and richness of Vietnamese cuisine.

How to Cook Banh Cuon 


  • Rice flour
  • Water
  • Mushrooms
  • Ground pork
  • Shallots
  • Dried shrimp
  • Wood ear mushrooms
  • Fish sauce
  • Sugar
  • Salt
  • Black pepper
  • Green onions
  • Cilantro
  • Bean sprouts

Steps to Cook Banh Cuon

Prepare the Filling

  • Soak dried shrimp and wood ear mushrooms in water.
  • Finely chop the soaked ingredients, along with shallots.
  • Cook the ground pork until browned, then add the chopped ingredients.
  • Season with fish sauce, sugar, salt, and black pepper.
  • Add chopped green onions and cilantro, then set aside.

Make the Rice Sheets

  • Mix rice flour with water to create a thin batter.
  • Heat a non-stick pan and pour a ladle of batter, swirling to spread thinly.
  • Cover and cook until the rice sheet is set, then remove carefully.

Assemble the Banh Cuon

  • Place a spoonful of filling on the rice sheet.
  • Fold the sides of the sheet to enclose the filling, creating a neat roll.
  • Repeat the process with the remaining ingredients.

Steam the Banh Cuon

  • Arrange the rolled Banh Cuon in a steamer and cook until heated through.
  • Serve hot with a side of fresh bean sprouts, herbs, and dipping sauce.

Enjoy the Authentic Taste of Banh Cuon

Cooking Banh Cuon is a labor of love that yields a dish rich in flavor and cultural heritage. By following these steps and embracing the art of crafting this Vietnamese delight, you can savor the authentic taste of Banh Cuon in the comfort of your own home. Explore the nuances of Vietnamese cuisine through this culinary masterpiece and let the flavors transport you to the bustling streets of Vietnam. 

10 must-visit destinations to enjoy Banh Cuon all over Vietnam

Ba Hoanh Rice Paper Rolls – Hanoi

  • Location: Situated in Hanoi, the exact address can be found on local food directories or review platforms.
  • Average Price: Typically ranges from 30,000 – 50,000 VND per serving of rice paper rolls.
  • Distinctive Features: Known for using fresh ingredients and serving with a flavorful dipping sauce.

Thanh Van Rice Paper Rolls – Ho Chi Minh City

  • Location: Located in the central area of Ho Chi Minh City, close to the old town.
  • Average Price: Priced between 20,000 – 40,000 VND per portion.
  • Distinctive Features: Offers Southern-style rice paper rolls with a mild taste and unique dipping sauce.

Pho Cuon Hai Duong Rice Paper Rolls – Hai Duong

  • Location: Based in Hai Duong, renowned for its rice paper rolls and ‘pho cuon’.
  • Average Price: Typically costs between 25,000 – 45,000 VND per serving.
  • Distinctive Features: Known for its rich flavor and various accompaniments like spices and fresh herbs.

Hai Nam Rice Paper Rolls – Da Nang

  • Location: Situated in Da Nang City, close to tourist and business districts.
  • Average Price: Ranges from 25,000 – 40,000 VND per portion.
  • Distinctive Features: Offers clean and distinctive Central region flavored rice paper rolls.

Cha Phan Rice Paper Rolls – Nha Trang

  • Location: Located in Nha Trang, a popular coastal city in Vietnam.
  • Average Price: Typically priced between 20,000 – 35,000 VND per serving.
  • Distinctive Features: Known for the freshness of ingredients and unique local dipping sauces.

Ba Di Rice Paper Rolls – Phan Thiet

  • Location: Found in Phan Thiet, a coastal town with a rich culinary tradition.
  • Average Price: Generally priced between 20,000 – 35,000 VND per portion.
  • Distinctive Features: Offers traditional rice paper rolls with a focus on local flavors.

Banh Cuon Ba Xuan – Vung Tau

  • Location: Located in Vung Tau, a scenic coastal city in Southern Vietnam.
  • Average Price: Typically costs between 25,000 – 40,000 VND per serving.
  • Distinctive Features: Known for its fresh and delicious rice paper rolls served with a variety of condiments.

Hanoi Rice Paper Rolls – Hue

  • Location: Found in Hue, a cultural city in Central Vietnam known for its unique cuisine.
  • Average Price: Prices range from 20,000 – 35,000 VND per portion.
  • Distinctive Features: Offers Hue-style rice paper rolls with a balance of sweet, spicy, salty, and sour flavors.

Co Lieng Rice Paper Rolls – Can Tho

  • Location: Situated in Can Tho, the largest city in the Mekong Delta region.
  • Average Price: Typically priced between 25,000 – 40,000 VND per serving.
  • Distinctive Features: Known for using local ingredients and serving with a variety of fresh herbs and dipping sauces.

Phuong Hai Rice Paper Rolls – Hai Phong

  • Location: Located in Hai Phong, a port city in Northern Vietnam.
  • Average Price: Ranging from 20,000 – 35,000 VND per portion.
  • Distinctive Features: Offers classic Northern-style rice paper rolls with a distinct flavor profile.

Tips for Enjoying Banh Cuon

While Banh Cuon from Vietnam is a delicious and popular dish, there are a few considerations to keep in mind to ensure a pleasant dining experience. Here are some tips to watch out for when eating Banh Cuon:

  • Hot Temperature: Banh Cuon is often served hot or warm, so be cautious when taking your first bites to avoid burning your mouth. Allow it to cool down slightly before diving in.
  • Dipping Sauce: The nuoc cham dipping sauce served with Banh Cuon can sometimes be spicy due to the addition of chili. If you’re sensitive to heat, taste a small amount first before drenching your rice paper rolls in it.
  • Herb Stems: While the fresh herbs add a burst of flavor to Banh Cuon, be mindful of any herb stems that may be tough or fibrous. It’s best to pull the leaves off the stems before adding them to your rolls.
  • Filling Temperature: The savory filling of Banh Cuon may be hot, so take care not to burn your tongue when biting into the rice paper rolls. Give it a moment to cool slightly before enjoying it.
  • Crispy Fried Shallots: The crispy fried shallots on top of Banh Cuon can add a delightful crunch, but be aware that they may be hot and retain heat. Allow them to cool down or blow on them before eating.
  • Portion Size: Banh Cuon is a light and delicate dish, so be mindful of portion sizes. It’s easy to eat multiple rolls quickly, but pace yourself to fully appreciate the flavors and textures.

By keeping these tips in mind, you can fully enjoy the culinary experience of eating Banh Cuon while ensuring that you have a safe and enjoyable dining experience. So, savor each bite, appreciate the flavors, and remember to approach your meal with mindfulness and care.


Banh Cuon’s allure lies not only in its delectable taste but also in the cultural narratives and culinary mastery it represents. As we conclude our journey through the world of Banh Cuon, let us carry forth an appreciation for the artistry, flavors, and history encapsulated within this beloved Vietnamese dish.

Experience the timeless traditions and exquisite flavors of Banh Cuon, and let its culinary charm transport you to the heart of Vietnam’s rich gastronomic heritage.